Bangladesh

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Bangladesh/bɑːŋlɑːdɛʃ/; Listeni/ˌbæŋɡləˈdæʃ/ (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ, professed: [ˈbaŋlad̪eʃ] ( tune in), lit. "the place where there is Bengal"), authoritatively the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bengali: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônôprôjatôntri Bangladesh), is a nation in South Asia. It is flanked by India to its west, north and east; Burma to its southeast and differentiated from Nepal and Bhutan by the Chicken's Neck hall. To its south, it confronts the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is the world's eighth-most crowded nation, with in excess of 160 million individuals, and among the most thickly populated nations. It structures a piece of the ethno-phonetic area of Bengal, alongside the neighboring Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura.


The present-day fringes of Bangladesh came to fruition amid the Partition of Bengal and British India in 1947, when the district used to be known as East Pakistan, as a piece of the recently framed state of Pakistan. It was divided from West Pakistan by 1,400 km of Indian region. Because of political prohibition, ethnic and phonetic segregation and financial disregard by the politically prevailing western wing, patriotism, mainstream unsettling and common rebellion prompted the Bangladesh Liberation War and autonomy in 1971. After autonomy, the new state persevered destitution, starvation, political turmoil and military overthrows. The rebuilding of majority rule government in 1991 has been trailed by relative quiet and monetary advancement. In 2014, the Bangladeshi general race was boycotted by significant resistance gatherings, bringing about a parliament and government overwhelmed by the Awami League and its littler coalition accomplices.


Bangladesh is an unitary parliamentary republic with a chose parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad. Bengalis structure the nation's biggest ethnic gathering, alongside indigenous people groups in northern and southeastern areas. Geologically, the nation is ruled by the fruitful Bengal delta, the world's biggest delta. The four biggest and unavoidably perceived religions in the nation are Islam (89%), Hinduism (8%), Buddhism (1%) and Christianity (0.5%).


Bangladesh is distinguished as a Next Eleven economy. It has accomplished huge strides in human and social advancement since freedom, incorporating in advancement in sex value, general essential instruction, nourishment creation, wellbeing and populace control.[6][7][8] However, Bangladesh keeps on faing various political, financial, social and ecological difficulties, including political flimsiness, debasement, neediness, overpopulation and environmental change.


Bangladesh is an establishing part of SAARC, the Developing 8 Countries and BIMSTEC. It helps one of the biggest peacekeeping powers to the United Nations. It is a part of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement.


Substance


1 History


1.1 Antiquity


1.2 Islamic Bengal


1.3 Colonialism


1.4 East Pakistan


1.5 Modern Bangladesh


2 Biodiversity and atmosphere


3 Politics and law


3.1 Government


3.2 Law & Judiciary


4 Foreign relations and military


5 Divisions


6 Economy


6.1 Agriculture


6.2 Industry


7 Demographics


7.1 Languages


7.2 Religion


8 Education


9 Health


10 Culture


10.1 Literature


10.2 Cinema


10.3 Music and human expressions


10.4 Media


10.5 Cuisine


10.6 Textiles and craftsmanship


10.7 Festivals


10.8 Architecture


10.9 Sports


11 See additionally


12 References


13 Bibliography


14 External connections


History


Primary article: History of Bangladesh


Relic


Additional data: History of Bengal, Mahajanapada, Vanga, Pundravardhana, Maurya Empire, Magadha, Samatata, Gupta Empire, Harikela, Pala Empire and Sena tradition


Gangaridai in Ptolemy's reality outline, century CE


Leftovers of human advancement in the more noteworthy Bengal locale go back four thousand years to when the district was settled by antiquated Dravidian, Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman and Austroasiatic people groups. The precise starting point of the expression "Bangla" or "Bengal" is hazy, however it is accepted to be inferred from Bang/Vanga, the Dravidian-talking tribe that settled in the territory around the year 1000 Bce.[9][10] Under Islamic guideline, the area came to be known to the Muslim world in Persian as Bangalah.


The area was known to the old Greek and Roman world as Gangaridai or country of Ganges. Despite the fact that still to a great extent indistinct, the early history of Bengal emphasized a progression of city states, sea kingdoms and container Indian domains, and additionally a tussle in the middle of Hinduism and Buddhism for strength. The antiquated political units of the locale comprised of Vanga, Samatata, Harikela and Pundravardhana. The Mauryan Empire headed by Ashoka the Great vanquished Bengal in the second century BCE. After the breakdown of the Gupta Empire, a neighborhood ruler named Shashanka rose to power and established the noteworthy Gauda kingdom. After a time of rebellion, the Bengali Buddhist Pala administration managed the locale for four hundred years, emulated by the Hindu Sena Dynasty.


Islamic Bengal


Additional data: Spread of Islam, Sufism, Delhi Sultanate, Bengal Sultanate, Baro-Bhuyan, Kingdom of Mrauk U, Sur Empire, Mughal Empire, Mughal Bengal and Nawabs of Bengal


Akbar supplicates upon the triumph of the Mughal Navy in Bengal (1576)


Islam was acquainted with the Bengal district amid the seventh century by Arab Muslim merchants and Sufi evangelists, and the resulting Muslim victory of Bengal in the twelfth century lead to the establishing of Islam over the region.[11] Bakhtiar Khilji, a Turkic general, crushed Lakshman Sen of the Sena administration and vanquished huge parts of Bengal in the year 1204.


The district was managed by the Sultanate of Bengal and the Baro-Bhuiyan alliance for the following few hundred years. By the sixteenth century, the Mughal Empire controlled Bengal, and Dhaka turned into an imperative common middle of Mughal organization.


Bengal was pres

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